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Monthly Archives: December 2014

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The Economics of Racial Stereotypes

During World War II, Australian soldiers were told they had nothing to fear from Japanese soldiers. They were short, wore glasses and their rifles fired puny bullets that would bounce off a strapping young Aussie lad. No worries. Should fix them up before tea then you can go and fight some real soldiers like the Germans once you’ve done with the Japs.

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Kindergartens as Engines of Economic Growth

I was flicking through the OECD’s Education at a Glance 2014 to get a quick understanding of how Australia’s education system compares to the rest of the industrialised world. Australia mostly did well in the indicators compared to the OECD average, especially for university education. Although, it was a bit worrying to see that Australian school students’ educational scores stagnate. But there was one indicator that caught my eye, and that was the very low enrolment rates of Australian children in pre-school education (less than 20%) compared to around 75% for the OECD average. This places Australia the 5th lowest for pre-school enrolments in the OECD, with only Indonesia, Turkey, Switzerland and Greece being ranked lower. This caught me by surprise because there is pretty strong education and economic research that demonstrates the long-term benefits of early childhood education.

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Indigenous Disadvantage and Impact Investment

I must commend the Australian governments, at both the Federal and State/Territory level for committing to reduce Indigenous disadvantage. As part of the governments’ efforts to reduce Indigenous disadvantage, they charged the Productivity Commission to produce a biennial progress report series – the Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage (OID) series. The 2014 edition was released in November. I was interested to read this edition to see how efforts to reduce Indigenous disadvantage was faring, and if there was potential to for impact investment to make a difference.

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